An inquiry into the interconnectedness of human-made systems and communities; the structure and function of organizations; societal decision-making; economic activities and their impact on humankind and the environment.
Governmental systems and decisions may influence the community
Lines of Inquiry
Function & Connection
Inquirer, Reflective & Open minded
Integrity & Tolerance
Government Word List
Authority (noun) (plural authorities)
a proposal by a Member (in committee or floor session of the respective Chamber) to alter the language or provisions of a bill or act. It is voted on in the same manner as a bill.
independence or freedom; the right of self-government.
an estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of time
a written proposal for a new law, discussed and voted upon by the members of a legislative body
A member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to its government and is entitled to its protection.
a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed
(also court of law) a body of people presided over by a judge, judges, or magistrate, and acting as a tribunal in civil and criminal cases
a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representative
A person who acts for or represents another or others.
a formal and organized choice by vote of a person for a political office or other position
A union of groups or states in which each member agrees to give up some of its governmental power in certain specified areas to a central authority
a group of states with a central government but independence in internal affairs
a meeting or medium where ideas and views on a particular issue can be exchanged
a person who has to perform official functions or duties; an official
A meeting or session of a committee of Congress, usually open to the public, to obtain information and opinions on proposed legislation, conduct an investigation, or oversee a program.
Law (noun) (often the law)
the system of rules which a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and which it may enforce by the imposition of penalties
(in certain countries) a head of a government department
a form of government with a monarch (a sovereign head of state, especially a king, queen, or emperor) at the head.
(Parliament) (in the UK) the highest legislature, consisting of the Sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons
an organized group of people who have similar ideas about the way in which a country should be governed, and who work together to try to persuade people to vote for them in elections
Politics (noun) [usually treated as singular]
the activities associated with the governance of a country or area, especially the debate between parties having power
Prime Minister (noun)
the head of an elected government; the principal minister of a sovereign or state:
The submission of a law, proposed or already in effect, to a direct vote of the people.
Regional or local
a government or council that controls a smaller area within a country. Most local governments are controlled by the central government.
Separation of powers
The system of dividing the powers and duties of a government into different branches.
supreme power or authority
To cancel or postpone a decision, bill, etc. For example, the president of the United States may veto a bill that has been passed by Congress.
- UUD 1945 http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Undang-Undang_Dasar_Negara_Republik_Indonesia_Tahun_1945 OR http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Indonesia - http://wrks.itb.ac.id/app/images/files_produk_hukum/uud_45.pdf
- Legislatif http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legislatif OR http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legislature
- MPR http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/MPR OR http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_Consultative_Assembly
- BPK http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Badan_Pemeriksa_Keuangan
- DPR http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewan_Perwakilan_Rakyat OR http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_Representative_Council
- Presiden http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presiden_Indonesia OR http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_Indonesia
- Wakil Presiden http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wakil_Presiden_Indonesia OR http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vice_President_of_Indonesia
- DPA http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/DPA
- Mahkamah Agung http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahkamah_Agung_Indonesia OR http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_Indonesia
- Kabinet http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabinet_(pemerintahan) OR http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cabinet_(government)
- Lembaga Non Departemen
- Lembaga Kehakiman Lainnya
- DPD http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewan_Perwakilan_Daerah OR http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regional_Representative_Council
- DPRD Tk. I - Gubernur http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gubernur OR http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governor
- DPRD Tk. II - Bupati http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bupati OR http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regent
ECONOMY - what provides the goods and services that are
bought, sold, and used?
In a capitalist or free-market economy, people own their own businesses and property and must buy services for private use, such as healthcare.
Socialist governments own many of the larger industries and provide education, health and welfare services while allowing citizens some economic choices.
In a communist country, the government owns all businesses and farms and provides its people's healthcare, education and welfare.
POLITICS - how is the government run?
Rule by a single leader who has not been elected and may use force to keep control. In a military dictatorship, the army is in control. Usually, there is little or no attention to public opinion or individual rights.
Rule by a single political party. People are forced to do what the government tells them and may also be prevented from leaving the country.
A republic is led by representatives of the voters. Each is individually chosen for a set period of time.
A form of government where the rulers claim to be ruling on behalf of a set of religious ideas, or as direct agents of a deity.
A parliamentary system is led by representatives of the people. Each is chosen as a member of a political party and remains in power as long as his/her party does.
A monarchy has a king or queen, who sometimes has absolute power. Power is passed along through the family
Anarchy is a situation where there is no government.
This can happen after a civil war in a country, when a government has been destroyed and rival groups are fighting to take its place.
AUTHORITY - who picks the government?
The existing structure is overthrown by a completely new group. The new group can be very small - such as the military - or very large - as in a popular revolution. After a period of time, this 'becomes' one of the other type of government (unless there is another coup or uprising).
Rule by a single political party.
Votes for alternative candidates and parties are simply not allowed. Citizens are allowed and 'encouraged' to vote, but only for the government's chosen candidates.
A form of government which consists of rule by an elite group who rule in their own interests, especially the accumulation of wealth and privilege. Only certain members of society have a valid voice in the government. This can reflect (but is not limited to) economic interests, a particular religious tradition (theocracy), or familial rule (monarchy).
In a democracy, the government is elected by the people. Everyone who is eligible to vote - which is a majority of the population - has a chance to have their say over who runs the country.
REMEMBER: nearly every country in the world is ruled by a system that combines 2 or more of these (for example, the USA is not a true capitalist society, since the government actually provides some services for its citizens). Additionally, one person's opinion of the type of government may differ from another's (many argue that the USA is actually a plutocracy rather than a democracy).
1st Formative Task
In group, students make a Microsoft PowerPoint to display their understanding of the function of a government
Assessment Criteria :
2nd Formative Task
Students analyze the roles and responsibilities in a governmental structure
Students analyze article on government’s decision and actions